With warm days usually comes a better mood, and it has not been accidentally proved by scientists who have discovered that exposure to sunlight releases a hormone of happiness – serotonin. Additionally, by exposing the skin to sunlight, the body produces Vitamin D, responsible for calcium absorption, bone health, heart and overall good functioning of the body.
Studies show that every seventh person in the world suffers from lack of vitamin D and, in addition to inadequate nutrition, is one of the major causes of vitamin D deficiency and concern for skin cancer, which is why we are less exposed to sunlight. It is good news that only 10 to 15 minutes in the sun, from 13 to 15 o’clock, is enough to initiate the process of synthesis of sun vitamin.
In addition to exposure to sunlight, where vitamin D is synthesized in the body, this essential vitamin is also found in food that is a natural source of vitamin D, and can also be introduced into diet and vitamin supplements.
Daily diet monitoring and dietary intake of Vitamin D rich foods is particularly important for risk groups such as pregnant women, elderly people, people wearing protective clothing, or less exposed to sunlight.
The European Food Safety Agency in 2016 defined adequate entries for all population groups, considering that 50 nmol / L is a suitable vitamin D concentration for all population groups. For the adult population, adequate vitamin D intake is 15 micrograms per day. For children ages 1 to 17 years adequate intake is also 15 micrograms per day. For the infant from 7 to 11 months, adequate vitamin D intake is 10 micrograms per day. For women, pregnant women and suckers adequate vitamin D intake is 15 micrograms per day. These values are set based on the data collected under the minimum vitamin D synthesis conditions in the organism, ie the minimum exposure to sunlight.